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What are the legal steps after a struck by object in construction?

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Construction sites are inherently dangerous places, and workers are at risk of various hazards, including falling objects. Struck-by object incidents, where a worker is hit by a falling or moving object, are common in construction. These accidents can lead to severe injuries and long-term disabilities.

Understanding Struck-By Object Incidents in Construction

Construction sites are notoriously dangerous, with a high risk of accidents occurring. One of the most common types of accidents on construction sites is struck-by object incidents. These accidents occur when an object falls or is propelled and strikes a worker, causing injury or even death.

Before we dive into the legal steps to take after a struck-by object incident, it’s crucial to understand what these accidents are and why they occur.

Common Causes of Struck-By Object Incidents

Struck-by object incidents can occur due to a variety of reasons. Some of the most common causes of these accidents include:

  • Failure to provide workers with proper personal protective equipment
  • Lack of safety training and supervision
  • Improper storage of materials and tools
  • Malfunctioning or defective equipment
  • Negligence or recklessness of other workers on the site

It is important for employers to identify and address these potential hazards to prevent struck-by object incidents from occurring.

Types of Struck-By Object Injuries

Struck-by object incidents can result in varied types of injuries, ranging from minor bruises and cuts to severe, life-threatening injuries. Some common injuries caused by falling objects include head trauma, spinal cord injuries, broken bones, and internal organ damage.

It is essential for workers to wear proper personal protective equipment, such as hard hats and safety vests, to minimize the risk of injury in the event of a struck-by object incident.

Preventative Measures to Reduce Struck-By Object Incidents

Employers and workers can take several preventative measures to reduce the risk of struck-by object incidents. These measures include:

  • Providing workers with proper personal protective equipment, such as hard hats and safety vests
  • Conducting regular safety training and drills to ensure workers are aware of potential hazards and know how to respond in the event of an accident
  • Maintaining a clean and organized worksite to reduce the risk of objects falling or rolling off elevated surfaces
  • Ensuring equipment is properly maintained and inspected to prevent malfunctions
  • Implementing safety protocols to prevent objects from falling or rolling off elevated surfaces, such as using guardrails or netting
  • Making sure all workers are vigilant and aware of their surroundings to avoid accidents caused by negligence or recklessness

By taking these preventative measures, employers and workers can work together to create a safer and more secure work environment, reducing the risk of struck-by object incidents and other accidents on construction sites.

Immediate Actions to Take After a Struck-By Object Incident

If you or a colleague has been struck by an object, it’s essential to take immediate action to ensure your safety and well-being. While it’s important to stay calm and focused, there are some important actions that you should take to minimize the impact of the incident.

Securing the Scene and Providing First Aid

Before anything else, you must secure the site to prevent further injuries and call for medical assistance. Depending on the severity of the injury, you may need to provide first aid to the affected person while waiting for emergency responders to arrive. If you’re not sure how to provide first aid, it’s best to wait for professionals to arrive. However, if the person is bleeding heavily, you may need to apply pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.

It’s also important to ensure that the area around the incident is secure. This means that you should cordon off the area to prevent anyone else from getting too close. This will also help emergency responders to locate the injured person quickly.

Reporting the Incident to Relevant Authorities

Reporting the incident is crucial to gather evidence, investigate the cause of the accident, and ensure that similar incidents don’t happen in the future. You must report the incident to your employer and the relevant authorities, such as OSHA. This will help to ensure that the incident is properly documented and that appropriate action is taken to prevent similar incidents from happening.

When reporting the incident, it’s important to provide as much detail as possible. This includes the date and time of the incident, the location, the names of any witnesses, and a detailed description of what happened. You should also provide any photos or videos that you may have taken of the incident.

Gathering Evidence and Witness Statements

It’s essential to gather as much evidence as possible about the incident. This includes taking photos of the site and keeping the medical records and bills. You should also get witness statements to corroborate your account of the accident.

When gathering evidence, it’s important to be thorough. This means taking photos from multiple angles and ensuring that all relevant details are captured. You should also keep a detailed record of any medical treatment that was provided to the injured person.

When getting witness statements, it’s important to ensure that the statements are as detailed as possible. This means asking open-ended questions and allowing the witness to provide their own account of what happened. You should also ensure that the witness provides their full name and contact information, in case they need to be contacted later.

By taking these immediate actions, you can help to ensure that the incident is properly documented and that appropriate action is taken to prevent similar incidents from happening in the future. Remember, safety should always be your top priority.

Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Involved Parties

Struck-by object incidents can result in complex legal issues involving various parties. Here are the key legal rights and responsibilities of the involved parties:

Employer’s Legal Obligations

Employers have a legal duty to provide their employees with a safe and hazard-free workplace. This means that they must provide adequate safety training, equipment, and supervision to ensure that their employees can perform their jobs safely. Employers must also conduct regular safety inspections and address any hazards or safety violations promptly.

If an employer fails to provide a safe workplace and an employee is injured as a result, the employer can be held liable for the injuries that occur. Employers must also provide workers’ compensation insurance to their employees to cover their medical expenses and lost wages in case of accidents.

Employee’s Rights and Responsibilities

Employees have the right to a safe workplace and to report any safety violations without fear of retaliation. It is important for employees to be aware of their surroundings and to report any hazards or unsafe conditions to their employer. They must also follow all safety rules and regulations and wear proper personal protective equipment as required by their job.

Employees also have a responsibility to take reasonable care to ensure their own safety and the safety of their co-workers. This means that they must use equipment properly, follow safety procedures, and report any safety concerns to their employer.

Third-Party Liability in Struck-By Object Incidents

In some cases, a third party might be responsible for a worker’s injury in a struck-by object accident. For example, if a defective piece of equipment caused the accident, the equipment manufacturer or distributor might be held liable for the worker’s injuries.

Other potential third-party liabilities include contractors, subcontractors, and property owners. If a worker is injured due to a hazard created by a third party, that party may be held liable for the worker’s injuries.

It is important for all parties involved in a struck-by object incident to understand their legal rights and responsibilities. By working together to ensure a safe workplace, employers, employees, and third parties can help prevent these types of accidents and protect the well-being of workers.

Workers’ Compensation Claims Process

Eligibility for Workers’ Compensation

If you’ve been injured in a struck-by object incident at work, you may be eligible for workers’ compensation benefits. Generally, workers’ compensation benefits are available to employees who are injured on the job, regardless of fault.

It’s important to note that not all workers are eligible for workers’ compensation benefits. Independent contractors, for example, may not be covered by workers’ compensation insurance. Additionally, if you were under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of the incident, you may not be eligible for benefits.

Filing a Workers’ Compensation Claim

To file a workers’ compensation claim, you must notify your employer as soon as possible after the accident. This is important because there are time limits for filing a claim, and failure to report the incident in a timely manner could result in a denial of benefits.

Once you’ve notified your employer, you’ll need to complete the necessary forms and provide proof of your injury and the medical expenses incurred due to the injury. This may include medical bills, doctor’s notes, and other documentation of your injury and treatment.

It’s important to be as thorough as possible when filling out the forms and providing documentation. Any incomplete or inaccurate information could delay the processing of your claim or result in a denial of benefits.

After you’ve submitted your claim, your employer must file a claim with their workers’ compensation insurer. The insurer will investigate the claim and determine whether to approve or deny it. If your claim is approved, you’ll begin receiving benefits. If it’s denied, you’ll need to follow the necessary steps to appeal the decision.

Appealing a Denied Workers’ Compensation Claim

If your workers’ compensation claim is denied, you have the right to appeal the decision. The appeals process varies by state, but generally involves filing a formal appeal with the state workers’ compensation board or commission.

During the appeals process, you may be required to attend a hearing where you’ll present evidence to support your claim. You may also be required to undergo an independent medical examination to determine the extent of your injuries and whether they are work-related.

It’s important to have an experienced workers’ compensation attorney on your side during the appeals process. An attorney can help you navigate the complex legal system and ensure that your rights are protected.


In conclusion, struck-by object incidents in construction can have severe and long-lasting consequences for workers. If you’ve been injured in a struck-by object accident, it’s crucial to take immediate action to ensure your safety and well-being, report the incident to the relevant authorities, and understand your legal rights and responsibilities.

Remember, workers’ compensation benefits are available to eligible employees who are injured on the job. By following the proper procedures and working with an experienced attorney, you can increase your chances of receiving the benefits you deserve.

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